Atopic skin It is a chronic and hereditary skin alteration that causes a release of histamine that transforms into itching, redness and skin rashes in normal situations. it must be specified that it is not an allergy, since it is due to a high endogenous level of immunoglobulin E, which is responsible for mediating the production of histamine. Atopic skin babies and children The most common symptoms are extremely dry skin (called xerosis) with itching and possible swelling and redness of the skin. If it is more exacerbated, lumps may occur that release fluid from scratching. If left untreated or undertreated, it can lead to chronic eczema, where the skin appears very thick. They can occur chronically or intermittently at any age, or they can disappear after an episode and no longer be remembered. The appearance also depends on age, with the lesions being different as we can see below: Infant dermatitis: this is the most common form, usually appearing on the face, trunk and extremities and presenting with red rashes with oedema, which can also exude and become infected if we allow our baby to scratch continuously; they usually disappear before the first year and a half, and if they do reappear, they usually do so with less intensity. Infantile dermatitis: from two years of age to adulthood, these are lesions in the folds of the body, because they are areas that do not allow light to act, and where there is a lot of moisture, usually appear in the elbows, knees and ends of the lips, and often vesicles appear. Adult dermatitis: it occurs with very dry and hard skin, which may peel off if we scratch frequently. Scratching is not the solution to this problem, as it can cause wounds that are at risk of becoming infected, thus worsening the injury, and we must be especially careful with our children, as they are unaware of this fact and the itching incites them to scratch. Dermatitis atopica treatment The treatments that currently exist do not eliminate atopic dermatitis, they only keep it under control, but stop these treatments including corticoids, antihistamines, topical immunosuppressants, antibiotics, and phototherapy, treatments that will be prescribed by our doctor. Your doctor may also recommend parapharmacy products: Emollient creams: As a complement to the treatment or when it is not necessary, these creams moisturize and regenerate the skin, as well as soothe itching and provide freshness; they can be applied as often as necessary to keep the skin hydrated and, if we use them frequently, our skin will notice it. Bath gels: it is recommended to use gels at a pH of 5.5. It should be noted that excessive hygiene is contraindicated, as it can destroy the lipid layer of the skin, after the shower. the application of the emollient cream is very beneficial. At the GT pharmacy we have both gels and specific creams for atopic dermatitis, with a wide variety to choose from to best suit your skin.