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Atopic skin 

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Atopic skin

Atopic skin

It is a chronic and hereditary type skin alteration that causes that in situations considered normal, a release of histamine occurs that transforms into itching, redness and skin rashes. It must be specified that it is not an allergy, as it is due to a high endogenous level of immunoglobulin E, which is responsible for mediating to produce histamine.

Atopic skin baby and children

The most common symptoms are extremely dry skin (called xerosis) with itching, as well as possible swelling and redness of the skin.

If it is more exacerbated, lumps may occur that release liquid with scratching.

If left untreated or treatment is insufficient, it can lead to chronic eczema,in which the skin appears very thickened.

There is no exact pattern. They can appear chronically or intermittently at any age. They may also disappear after having had an episode and never remembering them again.

The appearance also depends on age, being the different injuries as we can see below:

  • Infant dermatitis: this is the most common. It usually appears on the face, trunk and limbs and occurs with red rashes with edema, which can also exude and become infected if we let our baby be continuously scratching. They usually disappear before the first year and a half, and if they reappear, they usually do so with a lower intensity.
  • Childhood dermatitis: it ranges from two years to adulthood. These are injuries in the folds of the body, because they are areas that do not let light act, and in which there is a lot of moisture. They usually appear on elbows, knees and the ends of the lips, and vesicles often appear.
  • Adult dermatitis: Presents with very dry and hard skin, which can be peeled off if scratched frequently. They appear in the folds, hands, feet, wrists...

Scratching is not the solution to this problem, as you can cause wounds at risk of becoming infected,the way the injury is worsened. We must be especially careful with our children, since he is not aware of this fact and the itching encourages them to scratch.

Dermatitis atopica treatment

Treatments that currently exist do not eliminate atopic dermatitis, they only keep it under control. Detnro of these treatments include corticoides, antihistamines, topical insulinpressors, antibiotics, and phototherapy,treatments that will be our doctor in charge of prescribing them.

Your doctor may also recommend parapharmacy products:

  • Emollient creams: as a complement to treatment or when it is not necessary. These creams moisturize and regenerate the skin, as well as relieve itching and provide freshness. They can be applied as often as necessary to keep the skin hydrated, and if we use them often our skin will notice.
  • Bath gels: it is recommended to use gels at a pH of 5.5. It should be noted that excessive hygiene is contracted, as it can destroy the lipid layer of the skin. After the shower. the application of emollient cream is very beneficial.

In the GT pharmacy we have both gels and creams specific for atopic dermatitis, with a great variety to be able to choose the ones that best suit your skin.

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