Xerostomy consists of dry mouth due to a decrease in salivation by the salivary glands. Saliva is very important, because apart from keeping our oral mucous membranes lubricated it also contains enzymes for better further digestion and reduces the accumulation of bacteria as it contains antibacterial elements. This last property of saliva is very important to prevent the appearance of cavities, gingivitis and bad breath
Xerostomia Causes and Treatment
Xerostomy can be in two ways, reversible and irreversible. Reversible is when it is produced temporarily and may be due to medications, tobacco, some foods. while irreversible is due to damage to the glands that prevents the proper functioning of these, although the second case is reduced to a few cases.
The causes of xerostomy are very diverse, the most common being when speaking in public for a long time, stress and anxiety, diabetes, antihistamine drugs, diuretics and chemotherapeutics among others, the use of prostheses, a diet low in vegetables and fruits and the most common, frequent use of tobacco and alcohol.
Symptoms of xerostomy
A dry mouth can cause a number of discomforts or pathologies that can reduce the quality of life, which are as follows:
- Difficulty swallowing, chewing, speaking, taste disturbances, burning of the mouth.
- Dry tissues, promoting redness and irritation, producing from inflammation of the mucous membranes and gums, to possible ulcers and infections both bacterial and fungal.
- Farngitis, larigitis, extreñition and dyspepsia.
- Increased cavities and tooth sensitivity.
Treatment of xerostomy at your OnLine Pharmacy
To combat xerostomy there are special sprays, pastes, gels and colutorios containing Xylitol, sodium fluoride, betaine... which are spicy ingredients to combat dryness as they refresh and also encourage salivation. From this maneroa we can help to keep our mouths healthy only with usual hygiene products.
It is advisable to use toothbrushes with soft filaments and maintain proper and thorough oral hygiene to keep the xerostomy at bay. To do this you have to perform smooth and short movements in the brushing in the following order:
- Cleaning the outside of the upper and posterior teeth of the lower teeth.
- Continue cleaning the inner area of the teeth, first the upper one and then the lower one. This step is very important, since many of us settle for the outer cleaning of the teeth and then we are surprised because we have appeared plaque.
- It then cleans the chewing surfaces,that is, the part of the teeth with which we chew.
- Finally gently brush the brush through the tongue to have a fresher breath, but without abusing or using the specific part of the brush for cleaning the tongue.