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Vitamins to study

Vitamins and minerals are essential in human nutrition, and a lot of diseases can develop if we do not have a balanced amount of these. Vitamins and minerals can be endogenous (our body creates) or exogenous (it is necessary to take them by diet) so it is very important to follow a balanced diet to have the levels in a few recommended values.

There are times when vitamin and mineral levels are below normal, which may be due to anunbalanced diet, an excess of physical or mental exertion, or when we are convalescing from a disease such as the flu. For these cases there are several vitamin supplements that are responsible for balancing the deficit of vitamins and minerals.

Vitamins to study and concentrate

There are a wide variety of vitamin components that help in the improvement of certain capabilities. In this case, we find that the best vitamins for students are:

Vitamin C: this is a vitamin that our body is unable to manufacture, and is the vitamin par excellence of vitamin supplements. It is an antioxidant compound and is a cofactor of various enzymatic reactions of our body. A vitamin C deficiency can cause scurvy, which is a disease that causes bleeding of gums, hair loss and rupture, poor wound healing, bleeding... because vitamin C is involved in the formation of collagen, an essential protein in the structural maintenance of our body.

It is found in many fruits, especially in citrus fruits such as orange.

Vitamin B: actually vitamin B is a complex of vitamins (b1, b2, b6, b9, b12) which, being water-soluble, are easily removed in the urine, so it is necessary to eat a minimum amount of this vitamin group daily. Generally speaking, they are related to metabolism, and their deficiency can cause a variety of diseases, such as pernicious anemia caused by a vitamin B12 deficiency.

Vitamin A: responsible for the production of antibodies (resistance to infections) bone growth or vision, a deficit of this vitamin can lead to from visual problems to reduced resistance to infections.

Vitamin E: antioxidant in character, a deficit can cause poor conduction of nerve impulses.

Vitamin D: takes care of mineral absorption and bone mineralization. For this reason it is indicated in older people with bone mineralization problems, so, with the help of calcium, it makes our bones stronger. A vitamin D deficiency can lead to rickets.

Vitamin K: is the vitamin of coagulation,being its deficit very rare and its consequence an increase in bleeding and bleeding.

Minerals: there are a lot of minerals, but many vitamin supplements carry in their magnesium and potassium formula. Magnesium is part of more than 300 biochemical reactions of our body, being essential in the functioning of muscles and nerves. Potassium, on the other hand, is part of all cells and is responsible for water balance and countless cellular reactions.

Vitamins to study and memorize in pharmacy

We already know that a vitamin deficit can be caused by disease and other problems, but if the defect is bad, too. For this reason you have to be especially careful with vitamin supplements, because more than helping if we make an excessive consumption can cause problems. Special care must be taken with fat-soluble vitamins such as vitamin A, D or K as they accumulate in our body and their elimination is much longer and more difficult than the others.

A proper diet gives us all the vitamins that our body needs, being useful vitamin supplements in special situations, never substitutes for a healthy and balanced life.

Below is a table of vitamins, their properties and foods to find them:

tabla vitaminas y minerales



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